Cerebral Palsy and Grassroots
Grassroots has it's own CP school, which started back in April 2015. Though very rewarding, running and watching these young people develop, it is very challenging and asked a lot of questions of Grassroots. We still have a lot to learn and have made some mistakes. We intend to get right the problems we have experienced so far. Our vision is to have CP players playing along side all players.
What is Cerebral Palsy?
Cerebral palsy is a condition that affects muscle control and movement. It is usually caused by an injury to the brain before, during or after birth. Children with cerebral palsy have difficulties in controlling muscles and movements as they grow and develop.
Is there a cure for cerebral palsy?
There is no cure for cerebral palsy, but physiotherapy and other therapies can often help people with cerebral palsy become more independent. No two people will be affected by their cerebral palsy in the same way.
How common is cerebral palsy?
In the UK, cerebral palsy affects about one in every 400 children. Cerebral palsy can affect people from all social backgrounds and ethnic groups.
What causes cerebral palsy?
There may be no obvious single reason why a child has cerebral palsy. The main causes of cerebral palsy include:
Types of cerebral palsy
There are three main types of cerebral palsy. Many people will have a mixture of these types.
Spastic Cerebral Palsy
Spastic cerebral palsy is present in around 75-88% of people with cerebral palsy. Spasticity means the muscle tone is tight and stiff causing a decreased range of movement. As the muscle tone is so tight, spasticity can be very painful with muscles often going into spasm. It can affect many different areas of the body.
Dyskinetic cerebral palsy Sometimes referred to a dystonic, athetoid or choreoathetoid cerebral palsy, it is present in about 15% of people with cerebral palsy. Dyskinetic cerebral palsy causes uncontrolled, involuntary, sustained or intermittent muscle contractions as the muscle changes from tight to loose. The whole body can be affected which can make it difficult to maintain an upright position. Speech can also be affected as the person may experience difficulty controlling the tongue, vocal chords and breathing.
Ataxic cerebral palsy
Ataxia is an inability to activate the correct pattern of muscles during movement. Balance is affected and the person may have poor spatial awareness or find it difficult to judge their body position in relation to things around them. It is present in about 4% of people with cerebral palsy and can affect the whole body. Most people with ataxic cerebral palsy can walk but they will be unsteady with shaky movements. Speech and language may also be affected. Mixed cerebral palsy Many people with cerebral palsy will have a combination of the above types.
You may also come across terms such as hemiplegia or diplegia. These terms refer to the part of the body affected by the cerebral palsy. For example, hemiplegia means that the person is affected on one side of the body.
Diplegia is where two limbs are affected, Monoplegia is where one limb is affected and Quadriplegia is where all four limbs are affected.
Cerebral palsy: associated conditions
Some people with cerebral palsy may have some associated conditions while others may not. These can include:
Does cerebral palsy change over time? Cerebral palsy itself is not progressive, the injury to the brain does not change. However the effects may change over time for better or worse.